Competitions FAQ

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Q: What is a moot?

A: A moot is a legal debate in which you act as a lawyer representing your client in a simulated case before a court. It is essentially a mock court case. You are presented with a case involving a number of key legal issues with the aim of addressing disputed facts and presenting an argument in favour of the side you are competing on. Throughout a moot, each party addresses relevant law and legislation to the facts at hand in order to build and strengthen their argument.

Q: What are some of the benefits of mooting?


  • Practical application of skills learnt in class
  • Improves advocacy skills
  • Dramatically improves research and writing skills, which you will continuously need throughout your degree and beyond!
  • A great way to meet new people and make new friends
  • Progresses your resume, allowing you to stand out from the crowd when it comes to applying for a job or clerkship
Q: How many competitions can you compete in at the grand final each year?

A: Whilst you can compete in as many competitions as you wish throughout each semester, you are only allowed to compete in one competition at the Grand Final Night.

Q: Which competitions are best for beginners?

A: The Junior Moot is a moot specifically designed for beginners and competitors may only compete in this torts-based competition if they have never previously partaken in a moot.

Other competitions that have a high number of first time competitors include the Criminal Law Moot and the Witness Examination. Those partaking in the Dispute Resolution subject may also be interested in the Negotiation Competition to enhance the skills you learn in class.

Q: What is the appropriate clothing for competitors?

A: Competitors are required to wear formal business attire when competing.

Q: How many people to each team?

A: In a moot there can be up to three members of a team, with a minimum of two. Two team members are designated speakers with the third member contributing as the ‘instructing solicitor’, assisting through research and preparation of rebuttal arguments.

In Negotiation and Client Interview there are two people to a team. In a Witness Examination you will compete by yourself

Q: How do I make a team?

A: You may submit our team of two or three to the LSA Competitions Portfolio during the registration period prior to the commencement of each moot. Should you require assistance creating a team, contact the Competitions team or the broader LSA and we will help!

Q: How long does a moot last?

A: Generally, a moot will last an hour. As an indication, in the Junior, Senior and Criminal Law Moots, each team is allowed 20 minutes to present their arguments. In the International Humanitarian Law Moot, this time is extended to 30 minutes. This is followed by a period dedicated to providing competitors with the Judge’s feedback.

Q: How do I address the Judge?

A: The Judge is to be addressed as ‘Your Honour’. If there are multiple Judges sitting, they are to be addressed as ‘Your Honours’.

Q: What can the Judge ask me?

A: During your competition time, the Judge may interrupt you to ask you questions about the facts of the case before them, the cases you are using to support your arguments, and any legislation referred to.

Q: Can I pre-prepare my submission?

A: It is strongly advised that all submissions are pre-prepared and rehearsed so that you feel comfortable and confident in presenting and answering questions. You will also have to provide a memorandum to the other team an hour before competing, which is basically a summary of all your arguments.

Q: Is Mooting compulsory?

A: No, mooting is not compulsory as an extra-curricular activity. However, some subjects require students to moot as part of their assessment, so it is a good skill to possess and enhance.

Q: What is a submission?

A: In a moot there are both written and oral submissions. The written submission (or memorandum) should act as the basis for the oral submissions. That is, they should lay out the arguments in the manner and order in which they are intended to be addressed during the oral submissions.

Q: What is a rebuttal?

A: Rebuttals are when one side argues against a point made by the other. Usually, rebuttals are focussed on the application of a specific law or rule, whether it was wrong, and which would be the most appropriate way to apply it.

Q: Can other people watch the competitions?

A: So long as you are not competing in the particular competition that is running, anyone may watch the competitions. Please, however, keep in mind that students are competing. Distractions will not be tolerated and you must follow the orders of the presiding judge and competitions team

Q: What will happen if I do not turn up to my moot?

A: Anyone who is absent from the moot that they registered for, without a legitimate reason (such as where you can provide a medical certificate) will incur a two semester ban from all LSA competitions, both internal and external. An onerous study load will not be accepted as a reason. Please ensure you are available for all rounds of the competition before you register.

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